Bulgogi

Korean Food Terms

Korean Food Terms


Don't know banchan from doenjang? Need help navigating Korean menus? Whether you're having dukkbogki or all-you-can-eat Korean BBQ, GAYOT's guide to Korean food terms will arm you with the culinary vocabulary necessary to comfortably order at any Korean restaurant.

B

Banchan: side dishes

Bibimbap literally means "mixed rice"

Bibimbap: rice mixed with vegetables and beef
Bokbunjaju: raspberry wine
Bulgogi: grilled marinated beef

C

Cha: tea

D

Dak: chicken
Doenjang: soybean paste
Doenjang jjigae: soybean paste stew
Dukkbogki: spicy rice cakes

G

Galbi (kalbi): short ribs
Ganjang: soy sauce
Gejang: shelled crabs salted in soy sauce
Gochujang: red pepper paste
Guk: soup

H

Hanjeongsik: a full-course Korean meal with an array of savory side dishes
Hobakjuk: pumpkin porridge
Hoe: raw fish sliced and served with soy sauce or Korean chili paste mixed with vinegar and sugar

I

Insam: ginseng

J

Jang-eo gui: broiled eel
Japchae: glass noodles with sautéed vegetables
Jogaetang: clam soup

K

kimchi

Kimchi (kimchee): the most common side dish in Korea, typically made of fermented napa cabbage or radishes and spiced with chiles and garlic

N

Naengmyeon: cold noodles, typically made of buckwheat

P

Pajeon: green onion pancakes

R

Ramyeon: ramen noodles

S

Samgyeopsal: pork belly
Seolleongtang: ox bone soup
Sikhye: sweet rice punch
Sinseollo: royal casserole
Soju: clear, distilled potato spirit, like vodka, but weaker

T

Topokki: stir-fried rice cake
Twigim: fried dishes

Learn more food terms in other international cuisines