This is the origin of French civilization in North America.
Start your tour of Québec City at the Place-Royale, where explorer Samuel de Champlain constructed his first building in 1608. The area was the city's financial center in the 1800s, but during the last century it lay derelict and slummy, so boutiques and businesses migrated elsewhere in the area. Just a couple of decades ago though, the city rebuilt sturdy stone, Norman-style edifices using building plans from 1700, (adapted to Canadian winters with sloped or mansard roofs with deep overhangs) and businesses flocked back.
Visitors can learn more about the history of New France at musée de la Place Royale.